Great Apes (Hominids)

18 million years
or 4 meters to today

Geolo­gi­cal era: Ceno­zoic / Neogene Miocene

A group of mammals in Africa is deve­lo­ping into diur­nal, human-like monkeys. They are the ances­tors of all gibbons and great apes living today and thus the ances­tors of all humans. They have only weakly pigmen­ted skin and a rela­tively thin coat. The thumb, which is mova­ble against the other fingers, allows the use of tools. The forward facing eyes allow good spatial vision.

The colli­sion of diffe­rent conti­nen­tal plates crea­tes large moun­tain ranges: The Indian plate pres­ses against the Eura­sian plate and leads to the Hima­la­yan unfol­ding. The Afri­can plate also pres­ses against the Eura­sian plate, crea­ting the Zagros Moun­tains (Iran) and the Alps.

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